Physics II - Syllabus

Embark on a profound academic exploration as you delve into the Physics II course () within the distinguished Tribhuvan university's CSIT department. Aligned with the 2065 Syllabus, this course (PHY-156) seamlessly merges theoretical frameworks with practical sessions, ensuring a comprehensive understanding of the subject. Rigorous assessment based on a 60+20+20 marks system, coupled with a challenging passing threshold of , propels students to strive for excellence, fostering a deeper grasp of the course content.

This 3 credit-hour journey unfolds as a holistic learning experience, bridging theory and application. Beyond theoretical comprehension, students actively engage in practical sessions, acquiring valuable skills for real-world scenarios. Immerse yourself in this well-structured course, where each element, from the course description to interactive sessions, is meticulously crafted to shape a well-rounded and insightful academic experience.

Course Synopsis:
a)   Basic concepts of probability, entropy, classical and quantum  statistics. Simple concepts of quantum mechanics leading to Schrödinger equation and its application to simple cases. Methods of solid state physics - crystal structure, band theory of solids, free electron theory of metals and band theory of semiconductors.
Goal: The course aims at providing fundamental physical concepts needed to understand information processing and related devices.


Semi Conductors

3.1       Band structure of semiconductors, energy gap

3.2    Electrons and holes, electric conduction in semiconductors, effective mass, extrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors

3.3       n-type and p-type semiconductors, carrier concentration, mobility, temperature dependence.

3.4       p-n junction

3.5       Metal semiconductor junction, Schottky junction, Ohmic contact.

Modern Physics

2.1       Introduction to Quantum mechanics

2.1.1   Wave particle duality, de Broglie's matter Waves, phase-velocity and group velocity

2.1.2   Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. 

2.1.3   Basic postulates of q m

-     dynamical variable - linear operator

-     eigen values of linear hermitian operator

-     measurement of a dynamical variable

-     Schrödinger equation

-     interpretation of wave function

2.1.4   Simple applications of Schrödinger equation

-      particle in a box, infinite potential well

-      barrier penetration

-      square potential well

-      linear harmonic oscillator

-      hydrogen atom

-      rigid rotator

2.2       Band Theory of Solids

2.2.1   Crystalline structure of solids, Bravais lattice miller indices, reciprocal lattice, examples

2.2.2   Band theory of solids: origin of Bands

2.2.3   Classification of solid conductor, insulator and semi conductors

2.2.4   Free electron theory of metal: Fermi energy, electron energy distribution, thermo ionic emission Schottky effect, contact potential.

Statistical Physics

1.1      Macroscopic and microscopic description of a thermodynamic system; ensemble, phase space.

1.2      Thermodynamic probability, fundamental postulates of stat. physics.

1.3      Entropy and probability Bolltzmann theorem, statistical equilibrium

1.4      Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution for ideal gas

1.5      Quantum Statistics:

1.5.1   Bose-Einstein statistics-Photon Gas, Planck's law for Black Body Radiation

1.5.2   Fermi - Dirac statistics- application to electron gas