Financial Accounting - Syllabus

Embark on a profound academic exploration as you delve into the Financial Accounting course () within the distinguished Tribhuvan university's BCA department. Aligned with the BCA Curriculum, this course (CACS152) seamlessly merges theoretical frameworks with practical sessions, ensuring a comprehensive understanding of the subject. Rigorous assessment based on a 60 + 20 + 20 marks system, coupled with a challenging passing threshold of , propels students to strive for excellence, fostering a deeper grasp of the course content.

This 3 credit-hour journey unfolds as a holistic learning experience, bridging theory and application. Beyond theoretical comprehension, students actively engage in practical sessions, acquiring valuable skills for real-world scenarios. Immerse yourself in this well-structured course, where each element, from the course description to interactive sessions, is meticulously crafted to shape a well-rounded and insightful academic experience.

Course Description

This course includes both theoretical as well as practical concept of financial accounting so that students can understand working principle of financial accounting and hence can use the concept in developing application related to financial sector.

Course Objectives

The general objective of this course is to develop conceptual understanding of the fundamentals of financial accounting system.


Theoretical Framework

Meaning and Scope of Accounting: Meaning of Accounting, Procedural Aspects of Accounting, Sub-Fields of Accounting, Users of Accounting Information, Relationship of Accounting with Other Disciplines, Limitation of Accounting, Role of Accountant in the Society.

Accounting Concepts, Principles and Conventions: Accounting Concepts, Principles & Conventions-an Overview, Qualitative Characteristics of Financial Statements, Fundamentals Accounting Assumptions.

Accounting Standards: Concepts, Objectives, Benefits & An Overview of Nepal Accounting Standards

Accounting Policies: Meaning, Selection of Accounting Policies and Changes in Accounting Policies

Accounting Process

Books of Accounts Leading to The Preparation of Trial Balance, Journal Entries,Double Entry System, Advantage of Double Entry Syatem, Concepts of Transaction and Events, Classification of Accounts, Golden Rules of Accounting, Advantages of Journal, Ledger, Trial Balance, Subsidiary Books Including Cash Books, Capital and Revenue Expenditures and Receipts, Contingent Assets and Contingent Liabilites, Errors Including Rectifications Thereof. 

Bank Reconciliation Statement

Introductions, Ascertaining the Causes of Differences of Bank Balance in Bank, Column of the Cash -Book and in Pass- Book, Procedure for Reconciling the Cash- Book Balance with the Pass-Book Balance, Importance of Bank Reconciliation Statement

Depreciation Accounting

Concepts of Depreciation, Objectives for Providing Depreciation, Methods for Providing Depreciation, Accounting for Depreciation.


Meaning, Basis and Technique of Inventory Valuation, Inventory Recording System, Stock Taking

Preparation of Final Accounts for Sole Proprietors

Concept of Closing Entries in respect of Trading and Profit & Loss Account, Concept of Accrual Basis of Accounting, Matching Concept and Dual Aspects, Concept on Manufacturing Account, Preparation of Balance Sheet, Arrangement and Classification of Assets and Liabilities.

Introduction to Company Accounts

Meaning of Company, Salient Features of Company, Types of Company, Preparation of Financial Statements, Share Capital and its types, Debentures and its types, Distinction between Debentures and Shares, Issue of Shares and Debentures, Redemption of Preference Shares

Lab works

Laboratory Works 

Laboratory works should be carried out using any accounting packages (such as Tally, Fact etc.) to implement the concepts discussed in the above mentioned topics.