# Physics - Syllabus

Embark on a profound academic exploration as you delve into the Physics course () within the distinguished Tribhuvan university's CSIT department. Aligned with the 2074 Syllabus, this course (PHY113) seamlessly merges theoretical frameworks with practical sessions, ensuring a comprehensive understanding of the subject. Rigorous assessment based on a 60 + 20 + 20 marks system, coupled with a challenging passing threshold of , propels students to strive for excellence, fostering a deeper grasp of the course content.

This 3 credit-hour journey unfolds as a holistic learning experience, bridging theory and application. Beyond theoretical comprehension, students actively engage in practical sessions, acquiring valuable skills for real-world scenarios. Immerse yourself in this well-structured course, where each element, from the course description to interactive sessions, is meticulously crafted to shape a well-rounded and insightful academic experience.

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#### Units

Moment of inertia and torque, Rotational kinetic energy, Conservation of angular momentum,

Oscillation of spring: frequency, period, amplitude, phase angle and energy

Electric and Magnetic Field

Electric and magnetic field and potential, Force on current carrying wire, magnetic dipole

moment, Force on a moving charge, Hall effect, Electromagnetic waves

Fundamentals of Atomic Theory

Blackbody radiation, Bohr atom, Spectrum of Hydrogen, Franck-Hertz experiment, de Broglie’s

hypothesis and its experimental verification, Uncertainty principle and its origin, matter waves

and the uncertainty principle, group velocity.

Methods of Quantum Mechanics

Schrodinger theory of quantum mechanics and its application, Outline of the solution of

Schrodinger equation for H-atom, space quantization and spin, Atomic wave functions

Fundamentals of Solid State Physics

Crystal structure, Crystal bonding, Classical and quantum mechanical free electron model, Bloch

theorem, Kronig-Penny model, Tight-binding approximation, conductors, insulators and

semiconductors, effective mass and holes.

Semiconductor and Semiconductor devices

Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, Electrical conductivity of semiconductors,

Photoconductivity, Metal-metal junction: The contact potential, The semiconductor diode,

Bipolar junction transistor (BJT), Field effect transistor (FET).

Universal Gates and Physics of Integrated Circuits

Universal gates, RTL and TTL gates, Memory circuits, Clock circuits, Semiconductor

purification: Zone refining, Single crystal growth, Processes of IC production, Electronic

component fabrication on a chip.

Old Syllabus

#### Lab works

Students should perform at least 5 experiments (at least one from each groups) in a group of 2 students. They

should submit report of the experiment individually. Students should write their lab report of each experiment in

this format:

Name of the Experiment:

Apparatus Required:

Theory/Working Formula

Observation

Calculation

Result

Error Analysis

Discussion

The list the experiments are as follows:

(1) Determine the moment of inertia and angular acceleration of a flywheel.

OR

Study Bar Pendulum and find moment of inertia and angular acceleration about various fix points.

OR

Study Torsional pendulum and find moment of inertia and angular acceleration.

(2) Determine the capacitance of a capacitor by ac bridge (de-Sauty’s method).

OR

Study the characteristics of Zener diode its use as voltage regulation

OR

Design and study the parallel LCR circuits for finding the quality factor of the elements.

(3) Study the temperature dependence of resistance of a given semiconductor.

OR

Study and determine the band gap in metals and semiconductors using appropriate method.

(4) Study the drain and transfer characteristics of junction field effect transistor (JFET).

OR

Study RS-Flip-flop using breadboard.

(5) Design and Study the LOGIC Gates: NOT, AND, OR, NOR & NAND Using TTL. Also Study the

Power Loss in NOT Gate.

OR

Study NAND/NOR gates as Universal logic gates.

Evaluation: The duration of practical examination will be 3 hours. Students should perform one experiment,

took own observational data, calculate the result and interpret it using suitable error analysis. The internal and

external examiner (appointed by the Dean Office) will evaluate the performance in this format:

(1) Experiment:

40%

(2) Write-up:

30%

(3) VIVA Examination:

30%